Technology, such as satellite systems, can be used for both military and scientific purposes.
‘Dual use’ technology – technology used for both peaceful and military purposes – is allowed in Antarctica, according to the treaty.
Australia currently has about 2,250 military personnel deployed on operations.
AAP/Dept of Defence/ABIS Bonny Gassner
US-Iran tension in the Strait of Hormuz is just one of many looming security challenges that need closer scrutiny.
The government’s slogan is ‘putting veterans and their families first’, but on the problem of veteran suicide, it has fallen short.
A recent study found that male veterans under 30 have a suicide rate more than two times the national average. Yet, support for a royal commission into the problem is lacking.
China has always had a formidable army, but only since 1996 has it begun to develop as a maritime power.
China's naval strategy has been to prevent America from ever projecting its power by sea in the Asia-Pacific region again. Now that it's worked, the region needs to take notice.
China’s rising influence in the region has alarmed many defence experts. But the question remains: would Australia ever need to fight China on its own?
Australia committed A$195 billion to defence spending in 2016, but many now believe this is insufficient with China's rising influence in the region.
The obituary of Jihadi John in Dabiq magazine.
An analysis of obituaries for Islamic State and Australian soldiers shows some alarming similarities, not the least of which is the idea that their deaths should be given meaning by further conflict.
Fairfax Media has published detailed accounts of the claims made against Roberts-Smith, which he denies.
Roberts-Smith, now out of the military, is under investigation by the IG of the ADF as part of an inquiry into allegations of criminal misconduct on the battlefield by the SAS in Afghanistan.
Australian special forces are under investigation for alleged illegal conduct during the Afghanistan war.
Australian Department of Defence
Public authorities, and especially our armed forces, should be held accountable for their actions to the limits imposed by law.
No questions have been asked about Australia’s knowledge of torture committed by the US.
As a liberal democracy, Australia needs its own report on US torture in Iraq and has a legal and moral obligation to prevent torture.
Australian forces will need to be prepared for natural disaster relief missions.
Damian Pawlenko/Dept of Defence
Australia faces many security issues driven by climate change, including more international migration and an increase in defence personnel being sent on disaster relief missions, a Senate inquiry has found.
The incoming head of the Australian Defence Force, Lt-Gen Angus Campbell (left), understands the importance of Australia’s relations with its nearest neighbours.
The incoming Chief of the Defence Force, Angus Campbell, will need to focus his attentions on an array of conventional and non-conventional security concerns in the Indo-Pacific.
Australian military personnel during a counter-terrorism training exercise in 2014.
Research partnerships between Australian universities, the Department of Defence and weapons manufacturers may not be ethically justifiable.
Queer women were allowed to serve openly in Australia’s defence force from 1992.
While lesbian women were technically banned from serving in the Australia Defence Force until 1992, many before then found that military life was a place to express their love and desire for the first time.
Since 2013, the ADF has permitted members to march in uniform in Sydney’s Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras.
Now, the service chiefs argue that LGBTI inclusion expands the force’s diversity, bringing different life experiences, and thus increase the ADF’s capabilities.
Greg Moriarty, Australia’s new defence department secretary, replaces the recently retired Dennis Richardson.
Malcolm Turnbull has appointed his chief-of-staff Greg Moriarty to head up the Department of Defence.
Malcolm Turnbull announced the proposed changes in front of heavily armed special forces soldiers.
The effectiveness of the changes to the ADF's role in counter-terrorism operations will depend heavily on the willingness of state police to accept military advice and assistance.
The Defence Act will be strengthened to enable defence personnel to play a bigger role in counter-terrorism.
The changes are designed to assist in preparing for incidents, enabling a more comprehensive ADF response if needed, and improving the flow of information between the ADF and police.
An anonymous veteran described the Australian special forces’ culture as competitive, lacking in accountability, and focused on self-glorification.
We need to acknowledge that 'band of brothers' military culture has a dark underbelly – and that individual acts of atrocity might be a reflection of broader, systemic issues.
The rules of engagement regulate the conduct of Australian troops in conflict areas.
Unlike most domestic criminal law, the laws governing the behaviour of Australian armed forces apply to criminal conduct alleged to have taken place overseas.
The Information Warfare Division will require much broader skill sets than typically associated with defence force personnel.
The Australian Defence Force's new Information Warfare Division will require time and political capital to shape a capable workforce.