Yolngu boys from north-eastern Arnhem Land perform the Bunggul traditional dance during the Garma Festival in 2018. The Yolngu have flourished for up to 50,000 years.
It's time for a more reasonable, hybrid definition of civilisation that incorporates our Indigenous heritage.
Uluru-Kata Tjuta: of 19 Australian World Heritage sites this is one of only two that recognise the values of ‘living’ Aboriginal culture.
Of 19 World Heritage sites across the country, only two, Kakadu and Uluru-Kata Tjuta, recognise the values of "living" Aboriginal culture. None of Australia's three sites inscribed purely for cultural values recognises Aboriginal people.
Maningrida, a community on Australia’s remote north-central coast, is a language hotspot.
At the Maningrida football Grand Final in 2015, commentary was recorded in nine languages. But elsewhere, the threat of language loss poses a serious risk to our nation’s cultural inheritance.
Kathleen Petyarre looking across Atnangker country, Northern Territory, December 2000.
Photograph Ian North; courtesy Wakefield Press
Petyarre, who won the Telstra prize for Indigenous art in 1996, has died in Alice Springs.
The Tanami desert in central Australia is haunted by beings called the jarnpa, which look like people but possess superhuman powers.
All monsters make their mark on the communities they haunt. Some are cheeky and mischievous, some are mysterious, others are downright evil.
A bough shelter made for the funeral of W. Willika in the remote Northern Territory community of Barunga.
Photo: Claire Smith
In remote Northern Territory, most Aboriginal people have been buried in unmarked graves. Archaelogists are carrying out painstaking detective work to help communities find their loved ones' remains.
Murri sculptures (2012) by Reko Rennie (Kamilaroi) at Melbourne’s LaTrobe University.
From the Budj Bim acquaculture system to the Aboriginal flag, Australia has a long history of Indigenous design excellence. Here is our pick of 10 contemporary design classics.
Australian book clubs are overwhelmingly white, middle-aged, middle-class and female.
Most book clubs are white and middle-class. Even today, books and reading can presume a divide between Indigenous oral story-telling and non-Indigenous literacy.
Ring trees were made by binding young branches of young trees with reeds. As the tree grew, it formed a ring.
Tim Church/Timmy Church Films.
In the forests around the Murray River, Victoria's Watti Watti people have trained trees to mark significant cultural locations in the landscape.
Aboriginal protectors Walter Roth and Archibald Meston between them collected over 700 objects for the Queensland Museum.
State Library of Queensland
Like many Australian museums, collectors for the Queensland Museum played a role in the violent dispossession of First Nations people.
Wes Mountain/The Conversation
A new report unpacks the complex role social media play in the lives of Indigenous Australians.
Lalin in Western Australia is ‘married turtle season’.
On Wangkumarra land, in the corner-country near the borders of Queensland, New South Wales and South Australia, stands an ancient stone arrangement. It has been placed to the side of a huge complex, rivalling…
A souvenir stand in the Canary Islands displaying boomerangs (on the right).
The production of fake First Nations art is the tip of the iceberg when it comes to cultural appropriation. From 'didge therapy' to the overuse of words like 'deadly' here's a (subjective) guide to what to avoid.
The Burrup Peninsula, or Murujuga, contains over a million individual works of rock art by the Yaburara people.
New research has cast doubt on the effectiveness of scientific studies monitoring industry impact on rock art in the Burrup Peninsula.
Wild horses, known as brumbies, in Australia.
From 30,000-year-old cave paintings to The Man From Snowy River, wild horses have always been part of human culture. As Australia debates what to do with 'brumbies' in mountain environments, it's time to reconsider their place.
Yothu Yindi performing in 2000. Their songs offered hope and strength to generations of Yolŋu people.
The songs of Tribal Voice offered hope and strength to generations of Yolŋu people and gave audiences elsewhere a rare insight into the resolve and aspirations of Indigenous Australia.
A watercolour of a dingo, pre-1793, from John Hunter’s drawing books.
By permission of The Hunterian Museum at the Royal College of Surgeons, London.
In Indigenous culture, dingoes were prized as companions, garments and hunting aids. Europeans later tried to tame dingoes as 'pets' but their wild nature has prevailed.
Rosie Tasman Napurrurla, Warlpiri 2002, Ngurlu Jukurrpa (‘Grass Seed; Bush Grain Dreaming’), line etching on Hahnemuhle paper.
Warnayaka Art Centre, Lajamanu, and Aboriginal Art Prints Network, Sydney
The theme of this year's NAIDOC week is "Our Languages Matter". Aboriginal languages under threat across Australia. Read a Warlpiri introduction to Dreamtime and The Dreaming.
A close up from Michael Jensen’s Pintupi and Anmatyerr artists in Men’s Painting Room (circa August 1972).
The Men's Painting Room - a Nissen hut in the government settlement of Papunya - is Australian art's most important atelier. A new form of creative expression happened here.
Who is portrayed as Australian? ‘Opening of the first parliament’ Tom Roberts c.1903.
Despite improvements to their content over time, secondary school history textbooks still imply that ‘real’ Australians are white.