Turkey's snap election is on Sunday. One fact is clear: The candidates and electorate are both nationalist and pious. That's in contrast to the strict secularism of 20th century politics.
The Syrian conflict is a war of many sides. Here's a rundown of the key players.
Kurdish female fighters are on the front lines of conflicts in Turkey, Syria and Iraq, and they bring their particular brand of radical feminism with them.
Even if Syria's armed conflict is somehow resolved, new proxy conflicts between regional actors are emerging on the country's soil.
The Erdoğan regime's move into northern Syria is being justified in the name of European security.
Over the past three decades, Turkey has launched countless operations across the Iraqi and Syrian borders, succeeding only in making matters worse for itself. This time may be no different.
Outside observers are keen to declare the Syrian conflict almost over. It is anything but.
On Nov. 12, a 7.3 magnitude quake killed some 500 and injured 7,000 along the Iran-Iraq border. This Kurdish area has also been crushed by war and, after a recent separatist vote, militarily attacked.
It seems almost inevitable Iraqi Kurdistan will separate from the rest of Iraq – but going it alone will be hugely difficult.
As Mosul rebuilds, its history is a reminder that people of many faiths lived in cooperation in the city. In the city was the Tomb of Prophet Jonah, venerated by Jews, Christians and Muslims alike.
The US is doing so with increasing frequency around the world – most recently with Kurdish fighters in Syria. A scholar explains what can go wrong, and why this approach is likely to continue.
Unlike its neighbours, Iran's different ethnic groups live in relative peace and harmony. Given terrorism is often spurred by ethnic conflict, will Iranians be spared further terrorist attacks?
Iraqi Kurds will vote Yes to independence in September – and it could lead to trouble.
With President Erdoğan increasingly empowered, the 'Kurdish question' is at the forefront once again.
How a once trustworthy NATO ally, an aspiring EU candidate and an emerging power came to be ruled by one strong man.
Four major powers are dancing around each other in Syria – and the Kurds could end up as the kingmakers.
The people of Turkey have less and less access to independent news.
Wyatt Roy took it upon himself to look for a gunfight without a cause.
Ankara's real target in Syria is the Kurds, but is Turkey getting bogged down on too many fronts?
Turkey is recovering from a failed coup, not a war, but it could learn from the practice of post-conflict reconstruction.